The Mikumi flood plain is the main feature of the Park along with the bordering mountain ranges. Animals commonly found here include lions, elands, hartebeests, buffaloes, wildebeests, giraffes, zebras, hippos and elephants.
Mikumi, to the north of the Selous, is only 283 km away from Dar Es Salaam. The park was established to protect the environment and resident animals. It is also an important educational centre for students of ecology and conservation.