Also known as Lake Malawi, Lake Nyasa is the most southerly of the Rift Valley lakes and is also, biologically, the most diverse. For example, the lake contains 30 per cent of the world's cichlid species - colourful fish easily observed in the clear water.
The lake is the longest fresh water lake in the world (677km), and the second deepest (1433m), with over 250 species of fish. Its great age, isolation and stability have made it a marvellous evolutionary storehouse. Nearly all of the lake's cichlids are unique as are some species of crabs, molluscs and crustaceans. All these make it a truly remarkable biological habitat.
Africa's largest and the world's second largest freshwater lake, this lake supports fishing communities along its shores as well as commercial operations.
Located a few kilometres north of Kigoma, on the western part of Tanzania, is the smallest but one of the best known of Tanzania's National Park’s made famous for its primates and the research centre of world renowned Dr. Jane Goodall. Gombe Stream consists of a narrow mountainous strip of country stretching along the eastern shore of Lake Tanganyika and running inland about 5 km to the peaks of the mountain range forming the rift escarpment. The thick gallery forests of the valley and lower slopes, and the open deciduous woodland on the upper slopes. Are the few places where chimpanzees can still be found in their natural habitat? Since 1960, Dr. Jane Goodall and colleagues have studied the primates here. Other primates which may be seen in the park include: Baboon, Red Colobus Monkey, and Blue Monkey. And the birdlife include the African and the trumpeter hornbills, Ross's turaco, pied and giant kingfishers, and the crowned eagle. Access to the park is only by water vessel from either Kigoma or Ujiji.